Pajia Ma in the northern part of the Kingdom of small Iasi is the second era of the Greek cultural center, its second most and the Alexandria Library Gui Mo, and its Greek temple and the palace building at the time the world is unique in the Mediterranean . Well known. The Great Altar of Zeus large-scale, highly skilled. Great altar of Zeus is Arari German dynasty to commemorate the victory of the Gauls built.
Altar is a large U shaped building, 34.2 meters from east to west, north to south and 36.4 m, a Greek colonnade, the audience is about 6 meters of the base, its artistic achievements based mainly around the base of a long 120 meters of relief, relief showing the Greek myth of the battle scenes, a symbol of home you are afraid of the victory of the Gauls, from 1878 to 1886 after excavation, although the majority of relief task panel has been severely damaged, but the body moves in different styles and Fimbristylis drapery flying, see the superb skills of their exquisite carving.
The highest achievements of ancient Greek sculpture is the art form, but in the Greek era, Greek Sculpture gradually from Athens to Asia Minor and the Aegean islands of development in the northern Aegean island of Samothrace was found a marble goddess nike like, is a masterpiece of the early second century BC, this is a high 2.45 meters, standing, start a huge winged goddess, this is the 阿芙罗狄特Milos Goddess, also known as Venus, 1820 discovered in Milos. The Greeks called the goddess of love阿芙罗狄特, later the Romans called Venus to change her lanky, dignified and beautiful face, so she became a typical image of the elegant woman, Hellenistic period 阿芙罗狄特or ask A Goddess Sri Lanka there are many, but mostly Roman copies. From this, the ancient Greek and Roman times as long the United States enjoy the female body art trends. Laocoon that time is more dramatic, the first century BC Greek marble statue base, 2.42 meters high, such as by the sculptor Ayesangde 3 Ross collective creation.
While Athens is no longer the center of sculpture, but the city is still the era of Greek philosophy centers
Greece Age philosophy centers did not eastward, still in Athens. At that time, three schools, called the Epicurean, Stoic and Cynic school, was the main pursuit of ethical philosophy is self-satisfied, the trend against the yen attached .
In 306 BC, Epicurus in Athens, founded the school that called hedonism, the pursuit of life's ultimate goal is happiness, happiness is simple. Although the nature of happiness is the basis, but not the ultimate, spiritual joy when higher levels of happiness, who wants to pursue happiness and avoid suffering, you have to stay away from career, economic, must ascetic, must control. So Epicurus claims, that the idea of hedonism is often misunderstood later, distorted and even slander. His theory starts from the fourth century BC to fourth century AD, before and lasted 800 years.
Zeno in Athens in 300 BC founded the school of Sri Lanka claims more rational, moderate, and even ascetic, against the pursuit of happiness.迪奥吉尼斯created Cynic are proposed to give up all the pleasures of civilization and return to the original way of life.
Greek culture of the times is to face the real exchange collision in nurturing a local culture, when the West Asia, North Africa, while gradually Hellenistic, Greek immigrants also inevitably become increasingly clear that the East of, this is a synchronous development complementary historical process , since it affects the history of the European continent.